Bermuda grass makes for a nice home lawn because it can tolerate a very low mowing height. It spreads by both stolons and rhizomes, which helps it to form a thick, dense turf. It is usually found in the south. Its maintenance requirements (fertilizing, watering, mowing) are high.
Typically a cool-season grass, tall fescue can also be found in hotter regions due to its ability to tolerate heat. It is a bunchgrass often used in athletic fields because it can withstand heavy use and foot traffic. In some lawns, patches of tall fescue may stick out and appear as a grassy weed. It grows in bunches, and is therefore not used very often in grass seed mixes.
St. Augustine grass is best suited to warm-arid regions such as Florida and the Gulf Coast region. It is not at all tolerant of cold temperatures, and requires plenty of moisture for survival. It is a very coarse-textured grass that grows via above ground stolons that can reach several feet. It has very broad blades compared to other grasses, with a rounded tip.
Zoysia grass forms a lawn that feels like a thick, prickly carpet. Zoysia is found mostly in and from the middle part of the U.S. and east toward the Carolinas. It can be found in the north, but will turn brown once the weather turns cold. It is a very slow-growing grass, and it can take more than a year to establish a lawn of zoysia grass. It has stiff leaf blades and will produce numerous seed heads if it isn't mowed.